The General Assembly is the main deliberative, largest policymaking and representative organ of the UN. All193 Member States of the UN are represented in the General Assembly, making it the only UN body with universal representation. All members of the UN are members of the General Assembly. Each state can send up to five representatives but is entitled to one vote in the Assembly. This ensures that all the member states have equal status .The General Assembly meets once a year for three months. But special sessions may be held during times of crisis. At the beginning of every session, the assembly elects a new President.
Functions of the General Assembly:
- It can discuss any matter affecting international peace and security.
2 ) It makes recommendations for peaceful settlements of disputes
.3) It passes the budget of the UN.
4) It elects the non-permanent members of the Security Council.
5) It also elects the members of the Economic and Social Council and the Trusteeship Council.
6) It admits new members to the UN on the recommendation of the Security Council.
7) The Security Council and the General Assembly elect the members of the International Court of Justice.
8) In recent years the General Assembly has increased its power through a resolution called Uniting for Peace Resolution. The General Assembly can make recommendations for “collective measures, including the use of armed forces”, in case the Security Council is unable to take a decision during a crisis.
Decision Making Process :Decisions are taken in the General Assembly by a simple majority vote. In some important cases a two-thirds majority vote is required for taking a decision.