After the employees have regarding what they have and how is the duty of the manager to see that they perform the work as per instructions. This is known as supervision

Managers play the role of supervisors and ensure that the work is done as per the instructions and the plans.

supervisors clarify all instructions and guide employees to work as a team in co-operation with others.

Supervisors solve most of the routine job related problems of subordinates.

Supervision being an element of direction, every manager in the organization supervises his/her subordinates

In this sense, supervision can be understood as the process of guiding the efforts of employees and other resources to accomplish the desired objectives

It means overseeing what is being done by subordinates and giving instructions to ensure optimum utilisation of resources and achievement of work targets

Secondly, supervision can be understood as the function to be performed by supervisor, a managerial position in the organisation hierarchy at the operative level i.e., immediately above the worker

The functions and performance of the supervisor are vital to any organisation because he is directly related with workers The functions and performance of the supervisor are vital to any organisation because he is directly related with workers

Importance of supervision

Supervisors are the key people among managers at different levels. They are the link between the top and middle management and the workers.

It is only the supervisor who, as a member of the management team, is capable of developing links to workers.

Supervisors are expected to maintain the best and friendly relations with their seniors as well as with the workers and enjoy the trust and confidence of both management and operatives


Motivation is one of the important elements of direction

Issuance of proper instructions or orders does not necessarily ensure that they will be properly carried out.

It requires manager to inspire or induce the employees to act and get the expected result. This is called motivation

Motivation may be in the form of incentives like financial (such as bonus, commission etc. ) or, non financial (such as appreciation, growth etc.)

Importance of motivation

maximum utilisation of the factors of production like men, money, material etc.

it reduces employee absenteeism;

Fasters a sense of belongingness among the employees towards the organization and also improves their moral ;

Helps in reducing the number of complaints and grievances. The wastage and accident rate also reduces;

With proper motivational techniques management can attract competent and best quality employees .

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